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We have seen comic material in the movies and on television The entertainment industry usually shows it in a humorous situation such as Danny Devito and Arnold Schwannager as genetically engineered twins while Michael Keaton was duplicated to make his life easier Cloning is only achieved after intensive research and experimentation where as in the movies it is made out to be as easy as 1 2 3 Even though animal and human cloning has only been announced recently to the public it has been around for the many decades and is very beneficial to our future generations In 1938 a German scientist by the name of Hans Spemann came to the conclusion that organisms can in fact be reproduced His belief was that by transplanting the central element of one animals cell into the egg of another animal the animal could be reproduced or cloned Dr Spemann believed that the central element or nucleus of a cell contained the genetic blueprint for the structure of the organism He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1935 for his discovery of what he called the organizer effect Bio of Hans After Spemenns discovery there were two other tries to replicate what he did The first was in 1952 when American scientists tried by infusing the nucleus of a frogs embryo into a frog egg but this attempt resulted in failure In 1970 a British scientist repeated the same experiment This attempt resulted in the development of some specimens which died after reaching the tadpole stage Over time there have been many claims to cloning but have all turned up as either frauds or they produced organisms that have died after a few daysPlutonium There have been instances of cloning with several types of animals beginning in 1984 Embryonic animal cells were what clones were produced from in the past Scientists have developed a new process called somatic cell nuclear transfer which is performed using nature cells
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