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Cognitive information processing CIP is not associated with the work of a single theorist rather it builds on the work of a number of researchers who share a common paradigm Like the behaviorists CIP theorists are concerned about observable behaviors but unlike behaviorists they use those behaviors to make inferences about underlying mental processes that cannot be directly observed The basic CIP model is concerned with fundamental mental operations mainly how we perceive and remember events and information According to Solso 2001 there are three basic assumptions with regards to information processing model 1Cognition can be understood by analyzing it into a series of mostly sequential stages 2 At each stage unique processes take place on incoming information The eventual response eg Yes I know where that is is assumed to be the outcome of these stages perception coding the information recalling the information from memory concept formulation judgment and language production Solso 2001 3 Finally after each stage receives this information from prior stages it performs its unique function What are some of the historical forces behind the development and the neurocognitive revolution Cognitive psychologists are seeking neurological explanations for their findings and in turn in order to explain these observations neuroscientists are turning to the cognitive psychologist Solso 2001 As stated previously cognitive psychologists observe behaviors to make inferences about mental operations eg detection storage and use of information whereas neuropsychologists or neuroscience study the relationships between neurosciences and cognitive psychology using the theories of the mind that deal with memory sensation and perception problem solving language processing motor function and thinking Such techniques that have been investigated are MRI PET EEG and show not only the structures of cognition but also the process involved Solso 2001 It is a combination to these two sciences that are working together The goal is to find correlations between brain pathology Solso 2001 and behavior observed by cognitive psychologists Both
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