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Chapter 10 b COMMUNICATION ICommunication Development in Young Children with Special Needs AMetal Retardation 1receptive and expressive skills 2learn all morphological components of language 3syntax skill are delayed not different BLearning Disabilities 1Difficult to diagnosis in preschool-aged children 2brains have difficulty interpreting what they hear or see 3inefficient or immature neurophysiological systems 4poor listening skills hyper or hypoactivity 5distractibility 6perseveration 7disinhibition 8need extra time to master the basics of oral language 9language based problems will contribute to later problems with reading math writing and social behavioral functioning CBehavior Disorders 1not mature neurologically act out 2have undetected hearing and vision problems 3responses to language and nonlanguage events are inappropriate 4Children with no supervision or inappropriate role models may say and do unexpected things 5need a highly structured organized environment 6essential to provide a structured language environment awords make sense bconsistently applied to experiences DSpecific Speech Disorders 1Fluency aForward flow of speech opposite of stutter bMore males are dysfluent than females cOnset of dysfluency is usually between 3 -5 dHereditary not learned eFound in combination with other problems fInfluences a childs social and emotional statur gSpeech-language pathologist and parent must work as a team 2Articulation aBaby talk bTable 102 and articulation development cProfessional assistance is needed if articulation is severely delayed 3Voice Disorders aProblems with pitch bToo high too low loudness cHarshness hoarseness breathiness dHyper or hyponasality problems with resonance eRequire professional intervention 4 Clef Palate and OTHER Craniofacial Anomalies amedical conditions that require specialized care boften surgery is involved cin newborns the act of sucking is affected dhesitant to speak ehave limited social contact fteacher parent medical professional develop and carry out program to meet the childs comprehensive needs ESpecific Language Impairment 1Comprehension production 2Factors aintellectual bsocial cemotional dexperiential FHearing Loss 1Communicative abilities aintervention ihow iiwhen 2parents aspoken language bsigned language GVision Loss 1How their language is acquired 2verbalisms HCerebral Palsy 1language restricted by neuromuscular involvement 2overusedelay IOther Health Impairments and
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