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Word Count: 732
What Is A Crime The definition of a law is to be any action which Parliament has decided to be criminal Parliament decides to declare certain actions criminal because through its legislation it reflects the conditions and wishes of society The Federal Law Reform Commission in its report Our Criminal Law suggests that for a certain action to be considered a crime at least these four conditions must exist Those four conditions is that the action must be wrong the action must cause harm to other people the harm must be serious in both nature and degree and the harm must be dealt through the criminal law Throughout this essay it will explain and give the history of what constitutes a crime The criminal law in Canada is the responsibility of the federal government Canada is a confederation of provinces in a federal system The Canadian constitution is the British North America Act passed in 1867 which gives authority to the Government of Canada to make criminal laws Prior to this English criminal law inherited from the English settlers in North America was the standard In 1892 the Canadian Parliament passed a law called the Canadian Criminal Code It was called a Code because it consolidated crimes and criminal law procedure into a single statute It has been amended and added to many times over the last century Crimes are defined and punished by statutes and by the common law Most common law offences are as well known and as precisely ascertained as those which are defined by statutes yet from the difficulty of exactly defining and describing every act which ought to be punished the vital and preserving principle has been adopted that all immoral acts which tend to the prejudice of the community are punishable by courts of justice Crimes are bad in themselves and these include all offences against the moral law or they are bad because prohibited
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