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Word Count: 411
Aim Do people in all cultures perceive pictures in the same way and if they do can we regard pictures as a universal language Method Review article investigating the differences between cultures in the way they understand pictures Sample Adults and children from an African country Children from a school in Zambia Procedure African children were shown pictures which contained different depth cues These included familiar size overlap and perspective drawings They were asked What do you see And other questions relevant to the pictures and the study The questions were asked in the subjects native language Another experiment involved Zambian schoolchildren copying a straightforward trident shape and a trident illusion figure Results Drawings elephant man antelope EXPERIMENT CorrectIncorrect 3D perceivers2D perceivers Trident EXPERIMENT CorrectIncorrect 2D perceivers3D perceivers Conclusions The results quite simply show that those that managed to interpret the drawings correctly eg managed to distinguish between different depth cues were seen as 3D perceivers In the trident experiment those who were able to copy the illusion figure were seen as 2D perceivers as they simply copy what they see as they see the image as being flat simply a set of lines On the other hand 3D perceivers could not copy the image correctly as they tried to imagine what the image would actually look like and were therefore confused DiscussionEvaluation The problem with this study is that there is not enough cross-cultural work involved in the experiment and psychology all together For too long Psychologists are taking a view that Western principles of human behavior and experience is correct and therefore other actions are always compared to this This can give a negative view of other cultures and in many cases religions as well Strengths and Weaknesses The main strength of this experiment was that the experimenter was able to control the independent variable completely to his own choice This was
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