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Culture of the Renaissance The Renaissance was the beginning of political institutions with a commercial economy and the encouragement of education arts and music It was a period of new inventions and believes Renaissance actually means rebirth It was first used by a French historian Jules Michelet Swiss historian Jakob Burckhardt said it was the time period between Italian painters Giotto and Michelangelo He also said it was the birth of modern humanity after a long period of decay The Italian Renaissance began in Florence Milan and Venice These cities were created in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries as new commercial developments which allowed them to expand into mercantile societies that greatly contrast with the traditional society of medieval Europe Renaissance historians rejected the medieval Christian views of history They were often known as humanists Humanism was another cultural break with medieval tradition Scholars under its ideas viewed classical texts on their own terms instead of Christian justifications They also wanted to produce free and educated citizens instead of priests and monks These humanistic studies were supported by leading families like the Medici of Florence Papal of Rome and the Doges of Venice The Renaissance period also made progress in medicine anatomy mathematics and especially astronomy Geography was transformed by new knowledge gained from explorations The invention of the printing press was also created which made knowledge easier to achieve and literacy became more wide spread Gunpowder transformed warfare In political subjects Renaissance theorists like Machiavelli said that the central task of government was to maintain security and peace not preserve liberty and justice Religion especially changed during the Renaissance In the Middle ages people were primarily concerned with serving the church and getting to heaven The increase of in arts and education gave people something to look forward to and a life to life worth living Because of the increase of literacy people learned
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