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Word Count: 449
The Inferno is the first part of the epic poem the Divine Comedy writtenby the Italian Dante Alighieri in the fourteenth century The Inferno isa description of a trip through the circles of hell made by the authorDante Alighieri with his guide Virgil Dante throughout his journeyfound out that the punishments received in hell were a symbolicretribution of the sins committed in life Dantes journey was a lessonto understand the power of God because he is the only one who can judgeand punish humans according to their behavior DANTES INFERNO IS ANEVIDENT REPRESENTATION OF GODS DIVINE JUSTICE BECAUSE IN IT GODTRANSFORMS SINS COMMITTED IN LIFE INTO PUNISHMENTS IN HELL Gods divinejustice is most clearly apparent in the punishments designated to thesimoniacs fortune tellers and thieves since each punishment is asymbolic retribution of their sin in life Living on the earth the simoniacs used to sell ecclesiastic favors inopposition to Christian doctrines so in hell they were punishment bysuffering an inverse baptism In third bolgia of the circle eighthDante encountered a group of people considered as simoniac Thesimoniacs were suffering a special punishment related to the Christianbaptism since the sinners were ecclesiastic authorities as the PopeNicholas III In the Canto XIX Dante described how the simoniacs werepunished explaining that From every mouth a sinners legs stuck outas far as the calf The soles were all ablaze and the joints of thelegs quivered and writhed about Withes and tethers would have snappedin their throes As oiled things blaze upon the surface only so didthey burn from the heels to the points of their toes The punishment of the simoniacs was a representation of an inverse baptism Thesimoniacs were upside down with their heads into rocks holes and feetwere burnt by hot flames This punishment reflected God anger with thesimoniacs because as Gods representatives on the earth they supposedto preach God doctrines but instead they were selling ecclesiasticcharges The baptism
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