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Diabetes a life long disease for which there is not yet a cure is caused by reduced production of insulin or by decreased ability to use insulin Insulin the hormone produced by the beta cells in the pancreas allows blood sugar glucose cells to be able to use blood sugar This hormone is necessary for glucose to go from the blood to the inside of the body cells With inadequate insulin glucose builds up in the bloodstream instead of going into the cells The body is unable to use glucose for energy despite the high levels of glucose in the bloodstream This causes the excessive thirst urination and hunger which are the most common symptoms of diabetes The excess sugar remains in the blood and is then removed by the kidneys This disease occurs in several forms but the most common are Type I Diabetes or Juvenile Onset Diabetes or Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus IDDM Type II or Non Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus NIDDM and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus In Type I Diabetes the body is unable to store and use glucose as an energy source effectively The pancreas secretes a hormone called insulin as mentioned above that helps lower blood sugar and aids in the passage of glucose out of the blood cells into body cells Also with Type I Diabetes the pancreas does not produce enough insulin and within five to ten years after diagnosis insulin-producing cells of the pancreas are completely destroyed causing absolute insulin deficiency This type may occur in both sexes but mainly manifests itself in children teens or young adults This form can occur at any age but usually happens before the age of thirty and in lean people Fifty percent of all people with Type I diabetes are under the age of 20 Insulin-dependent diabetes accounts for 3 of all new cases of diabetes each year One new case per 7000 children a year arises and the incidence decreases after the
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