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MEGACITIES AND SMALL TOWNS DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES ON HAZARD VULNERABILITY In a world of uncertainty the only constant is change and rapid change produces a multitude of diverse facts Risk is an integral part of life and it is based on a combination of hazard and vulnerability Over the past couple of decades considerable attention has been placed upon the studies of hazards and their mitigation processes While no country in the world is entirely safe the lack of capacity to limit the impact of hazards remains a major burden for many countries Since the world has witnessed an exponential increase in human and material losses due to natural and technological disasters a need to reverse trends in hazard vulnerability exists The journal article by John A Cross titled Mega cities and small towns different perspectives on hazard vulnerability closely reflected the idea of how small towns are more vulnerable to hazards compared to megacities due to their lack of resources money government interest and numerous other factors At first glance the article seemed well researched and discussed but further consideration proved otherwise John Crosss failure to consider recent events surrounding hazard vulnerability such as changing population demographics the emergence of new un-natural hazards and the current discussions on hazard mitigation created a major flaw which subsequently diminished the quality of his article CHANGING POPULATION DEMOGRAPHICS John Crosss argument defined small towns as being more vulnerable to hazards than megacities He argued this statement by reflecting on the sense that disasters can result in equally high percentages of deaths and economic losses among the populations of small towns compared to those of megacities Remoteness isolation openness limited diversification poverty and limited capacity are factors that characterize rural communities as vulnerable Thus the extent of the towns vulnerability is determined by the
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