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Measuring the IQ of Mind and Machine an Examination of Functionalism as Represented by Fodor and Searle Fodor begins his article on the mind-body problem with a review of the current theories of dualism and materialism According to dualism the mind and body are two separate entities with the body being physical and the mind being nonphysical If this is the case though then there can be no interaction between the two The mind could not influence anything physical without violating the laws of physics The materialist theory on the other hand states that the mind is not distinct from the physical In fact supporters of the materialist theory believe that behavior does not have mental causes When the materialist theory is split into logical behaviorism and the central-state identity theory the foundation of functionalism begins to form Logical behaviorism states that every mental feeling has the same meaning as an if-then statement For example instead of saying Dr Lux is hungry one would say If there was a quart of macadamia brittle nut in the freezer Dr Lux would eat it The central-state identity theory states that a certain mental state equals a certain neurophysiological state The theory works in a way similar to Berkeleys representation of objects Both mental states and objects are a certain collection of perceptions that together identify the particular state or object Fodor develops the idea of functionalism by combining certain parts of logical behaviorism and the central-state identity theory From logical behaviorism Fodor incorporates the idea that mental processes can be represented by physical if-then statements As such behavior and mental causation are no longer distinct and unable to interact Also logical behaviorism provides a way for mental causes to interact with other mental causes This in turn may result in a behavioral effect The last point is also a characteristic of the central-state identity theory One doctrine of the central-state identity theory is called token
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