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Word Count: 408
and after his conversion Finney rejected the Calvinist doctrine of passive salvation available only to the elect He believed that God offered Himself to everyone and most importantly that one could be saved only through an active acceptance of Gods invitation to grace The sinner chooses to sin just as the penitent chooses to repent To reach as many souls as possible Finney employed what came to be called new measures although many had been used by earlier preachers These new measures triggered alarm among conservative clergy Opponents such as Asahel Nettleton were able to list as many as twenty-nine objectionable practices but the most controversial were public praying of women in mixed-sex audiences daily services over a series of days use of colloquial language by the preacher the anxious bench praying for people by name and immediate church membership for converts To a student of American culture Finney is a crucial figure of the Jacksonian era Finneys influence rose in tandem with that of Andrew Jackson both addressed the issues of equality of men and free will and self governance In his Lectures on Revivals of Religion delivered to his New York congregation in 1834 and published in book form the following year Charles Finney takes pains to define a revival Above all it is not a miracle in the sense of a physical change brought on solely by God but a change of mind which though influences by the Holy Spirit is ultimately a matter of the individuals free will Ordained a Presbyterian minister in 1824 Finney was soon at odds with conservative clergy The new measured used by Finney and his followers caused enough alarm among their more orthodox colleagues to be the subject of a convention held at New Lebanon NY in July 1827 Motions were made to restrict the New School revivalists but no definitive anti-new measures resolution was effected The victory for Finney and his fellows
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