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Word Count: 772
In the first and second explanations in Aquinass Five Ways Aquinas takes a very logical and simple approach to explaining the existence of God He reasons that all things are either actuality in motion or potentiality in motion A body cannot be in a state of potentiality and at the same time actuality in the same respect Nothing can be reduced from potentiality to actuality except by something in a state of actuality it is therefore impossible that in the same respect and in the same way a thing should be both mover and moved ie that it should move itself This is a seemingly complicated quote that when broken down really sums up what Aquinas is trying to say in this whole potentiality and actuality thing He uses the example of heat The fire is actually hot it is in a state of actuality In order for wood which is potentially hot to reach the state of actuality ie being hot the fire must act upon it It is not possible for the wood to spontaneously become hot putting it at an actualized state His first premise is that the chain of things in actuality cannot go back infinitely Nothing can move itself and therefore there must be a first unmoved mover God This is largely based on his studies of Aristotle who argued that planetary motion which caused the change of seasons must have an unmoved mover to keep order This view only differs slightly from the Nave Version In the nave version all events are much like a line of dominos The last one falls as a result of the one before it falling and so on The person who initially tips the first domino is God in this example There cannot be an infinite line of dominos which is the reason that God must exist Nothing can move by itself so therefore God must have moved the first thing causing all
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