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The word Forensic comes from the Latin forensus meaning of the forum1 In ancient Rome the forum was where lawmaking debates were held but it was also where trials were held just like modern day courthouses From that forensic science has come to mean the application of the natural and physical science to the motion of matters within a legal context2 Forensic Science can be viewed as a tripartite structure consisting of a Collection which pertains to the science investigation Examination which pertains to the medical investigation and Presentation which pertains to the courts A forensic case will involve all aspects of each of the three structured elements each being as important as the other It is obvious that there needs to be a shared approach for the successful end of each case Each step in forensic science must be done in an exact order therefore it can be assured that the investigation can have few doubts about what is being debated In this paper I will focus my attention on the first aspect of the three-step structure Collections and Scientific Investigation I will show what should be done at crime scenes how crime scenes should be handled and what steps must be followed to ensure that all evidence is uncontaminated as when the crime was committed The purpose of crime scene investigation is to help establish what happened at the crime and to identify the responsible person or people Carefully documenting the situation at a crime scene and recognizing all-important physical evidence do this The ability to recognize and properly collect physical evidence is often times vital to both solving and prosecuting violent crimes It is no exaggeration to say that in the majority of cases the law enforcement officer who protects and searches a crime scene plays a significant role in determining whether physical evidence will be used in solving or prosecuting violent crimes Documenting a crime scene and its conditions can
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