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Word Count: 307
THE FUNCTIONS OF MEMORY Memory is the ability to remember past events images ideas or previously learned information or skills Memory is also the storage system that allows a person to retain and retrieve previously learned information There are three key processes to memory encoding storage and retrieval Each of the three stages in memory-sensory memory short-term memory and long-term memory focuses on encoding storage and retrieval Sensory memory performs initial encoding and provides brief storage Semsory memory can change a visual auditory or chemical stimulus into a form the brain can interpret like a photograph Sensory memory is temporary Once information is received it is transferred for additional encoding and storage Unless you quickly transfer it to short-term memory by writing it down or repeating it you will forget it Short-term memory is the storage system that temporarily holds current or recent information for immediate or short-term use Short-term memory must further encode store or maintain information for thirty seconds A person may want to rememjber certain details of information Repeatedly verbalizing and thinking about it will keep that information in memory Information contained in short-term memory is available for less than twenty and no more than thirty seconds It must be transferred to long-term memory or it will be lost Long term-memory is the storage system tha keeps a permanent record of information Information such as names dates places events and smells can be found in long-term memory Information that is important is immediatly stored inot long-term memory Birthdays your telephone number is maintained in long-term memory We have the ability to remember real-world events even though they happened many years ago The capacity for long-term memory is infinite The more information a person acquires the easier it is to acquire information Long-term memory may preserve information for a lifetime with its focus on retrieval
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