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Gibbons thesis of the fall of the roman empireEdward Gibbon says the decay of Rome was inevitable He writes that instead of inquiring why the Roman Empire was destroyed it is surprising that it subsisted so long Gibbons argument comes down to four major arguments divided into rulership the abuse of Christianity the expansion of the Barbarians and finally the loss of the Roman military power Edward Gibbon was one of the greatest English historians of the late 1700 s His father entered him in Magdalen College University of Oxford but shortly after his enrollment in 1753 he decided to convert to Roman Catholicism Magdalen college only accepted Anglicans so he was barred from the school His father then sent him to Switzerland in care of a Calvinist pastor who by Christmas 1754 had reconciled him to Protestantism After many years in Switzerland Gibbon returned home and decided to devote his life to scholarship and writing In 1764 while visiting Rome Gibbon decided to write about the city s history His work The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire was one of his greatest works and despite the availability of new factual data and a recognition of Gibbon s western Bias Decline and Fall is still read and enjoyed In Gibbons first argument of divided rulership he states that there simply was no central power in the Roman Empire He writes The throne of Constantinople was erected in the East while the West was still possessed by a series of emperors who held their residence in Italy and claimed their equal inheritance of the legions and provinces This dangerous novelty impaired the strength and fomented the vices of a double reign2As in any historical reference when one divides their forces it weakens their strengthGibbons makes this out to be a very important reason for the collapse of Rome Even thought Constantinople was strong at this time Gibbon points out that The
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