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Word Count: 1,095
In 1913 Guillaume Appolinaires Alcools was published It marked a watershed in French indeed world literature and is heralded by the Encyclopaedia Britannica as Appolinaires poetic masterpiece The poem featured on this course H was included in this highly original innovative and influential collection H combines traditional verse forms with truly modern imagery to great effect and through this merits its place in this celebrated poetic collection The traditional element can be noted in the structure of the poem Here is a poem of six stanzas of four lines each and with the with a simple abab cdcd efef ghgh ijij klkl rhyming scheme The traditional rhyming scheme lulls the reader into a false sense of security the simplicity of the rhythm created is somehow diverged by the striking use of modern imagery and the groundbreaking theme of the poetpeasant complex The poem is almost at odds with itself and thus highlights the dichotomy between the world of poetry and the world of the H Furthermore the poem sits very tidily on the page and is not visually striking to the viewer This is a clever device utilised by Appolinaire which leads the reader to believe that the poem will follow a conventional theme and thus allowing Appolinaires salient theme and avant-garde use of modern imagery have a more significant effect on the reader This modern use of imagery is clearly noted in the poems first section and creates a listless tired mood The metaphor of the veuve in the first line sets up an uneasiness in the reader The room of the hotel is personified However a widow derives connotations of loss grief and remorse which evokes in the reader an atmosphere of pain suffering and hopelessness The presence neuve although a presence is an empty one which is in itself almost more isolating than complete solitude This gives the poet an anxious and uneasy presence in the poem Appolinaire uses this unease to
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