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Jeff Extra Credit Assignment 1 a1The main hindrance for dualism is to explain how something non-physical mind soul is associated with something physical body According to dualism the association between the person mind soul and the body is so intimate that many people falsely believe they are indistinguishable from their bodies Descartes says its because they have never had the experience of being without their body The opposing belief of dualism is physicalism which states that there is no association of the mind and body because the person is physical throughout So how should this association be understood A common response among dualists is that the association is one of direct interaction a two-way interaction in which the soul affects the body and vice versa Physicalists charge that it is relatively difficult to pin down a concrete conception of such an interaction and put it into the dualist frame of mind For example being hungry I get in my car and go get something to eat and proceed to eat it There are many physical changes that took place that can be explained in terms of physical science Not so says the interaction principle which would state that I my soul brought about these changes because my body was hungry the changes are from me even though are not in me but in my hungry body The main problem isnt about what the causal agent is that brings about physical changes Rather how it causes the changes is the major concern Dualism has yet to successfully explain that and will continue to appear as a conceptual blind alley those who are skeptical of it After dualism was refuted there had risen a primary concern among the intellectuals How are we to successfully talk about mental causes without referring to dualisms Cartesian soul There emerged materialism In short materialism contends that the mental is not separate from the physical as opposed to dualism In
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