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Homer composed the Odyssey in the 8th century BC After the Trojan War Greek kingdoms declined Homer wrote The Iliad and The Odyssey when Greece had recovered from this war and Greek city-states were going into their eminent time The actual stories take place earlier than Homer during and after the Trojan War which occurred around 1200 BC Homer wrote the Odyssey with many realistic descriptions of Ancient Greek culture He also presented more extreme lifestyles in the way that characters acted In the Odyssey there is a hospitality code that represents the manner in which people should act towards strangers Ideal treatment started when the host would bring a guest to a feast and only afterwards ask the guest about himself Hosts would always give valuable gifts and were always helpful to a guest Telemachus was given this fine hospitality when he traveled to see Nestor and Menelaus Nestors son Peisistratus who was the first to reach them took them both by the hand and gave them places at the banquet p 31 After they had eaten Nestor the Gerenian charioteer said Now that our visitors have eaten well it is the right moment to put some questions to them and enquire who they are p 32 Later Menelaus said to Telemachus And now my friends do stay in my palace Stay for twelve days or so and then Ill send you off in style You shall have glorious gifts from me p 62 In this way Homer shows the ideal lifestyle of the Greeks Odysseus also received the same excellent treatment from Aeolus and the Phaeacians that Telemachus did from Nestor and Menelaus For a whole month Aeolus entertained me and questioned me p 142 The Phaeacians entertained Odysseus with ballads sung by a bard and with the Phaeacian Games Telemachus shows hospitality to Athene in disguise in the beginning of the book Even Eumaeus the swineherd shows hospitality to Odysseus disguised
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