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There are a number of perspectives that a critic can use to interpret a work of literature One perspective the psychological approach deals with interpreting the text by using what is known about psychology Some critics will try and understand the writers while still other critics employ methods of Freudian psychoanalysis to understand not only the writers themselves such as Shakespeare but the literary characters they create DiYanni 635 In Shakespeares play The Tragedy of Othello a critic might want to use the psychoanalytic approach to help understand Iago In order to do so one might look at the characters and their wants needs and desires On top of this an in-depth look at the character relationships will help apply the psychoanalysis method onto the characters The main goal of this approach is figure out why the characters are the way they are and to also make assumptions about why they acted the way they did according to psychology In Othello many characters take various actions that might strike the audience as disturbing or odd Although the title of this play is Othello the main character might clearly be Iago for he represents a kind of commonness by showing the extreme He continually acts on other characters throughout the play In Iago the need of complete will-power and the contradictions it betrays are more profound and thus more extreme than in any of the other characters He continues to choose to take such stunning actions He could be viewed as a master-manipulator He continuously tries to make people believe what he wants them to believe and will make up lies and twist stories for reasons that are quite frankly difficult to figure out Using the Freudian concepts of the conscious and the unconscious it can be used to analyze Iagos behavior throughout the play Iago is the only one of all the main characters who cannot be crushed by grief the defenses of each of
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