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Word Count: 710
The industrial Revolution first originated in Great Britain at the end of the 18th century It profoundly altered Britains economy and society The most immediate changes were in the nature of production what was produced as well as where and how Labor was transferred from the production of primary products to the production of manufactured goods and services Far more manufactured goods were produced than ever before and technical efficiency rose dramatically In part the growth in productivity was achieved by systematic application of scientific and practical knowledge to the manufacturing process Efficiency was also enhanced when large agglomerations of enterprises were located within limited areas Thus the Industrial Revolution involved urbanization that is the process of migration from rural to urban communities Perhaps the most important changes occurred in the organization of work The typical enterprise expanded and took on new characteristics In general production took place within the firm or the public enterprise instead of the family or manor Tasks became increasingly routine and specialized Industrial production became heavily dependent upon the intensive use of capitalphysical plant and equipment produced for the express purpose of increasing efficiency A reliance on tools and machinery allowed individual workers to produce more goods than before and the advantages of experience with a particular task tool or piece of equipment reinforced the trend toward specialization The growth of specialization and the application of capital to industrial production created new class distinctions New social and vocational classes emerged that were distinguished from workers by virtue of their ownership or control of the physical means of production The members of these new classes came to be known as capitalists Because the first Industrial Revolution occurred in Great Britain that country became for a time the workshop of the world For much of the 18th century London had been at the center of a complex world trade network that became the basis for the growing export trade associated with
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