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Word Count: 457
John Rawls a welfare state Liberal who worked during the 1970s contributed a great amount to philosophical studies One of his ideas the original position was his most lasting contribution to theories on social justice Original Position is a theoretical situation in which Rawl uses the moral point of view for the interest of the individual However a restriction is placed upon the reasoning of the situation The rationalization does not include information that would be morally irrelevant to the choice of principles of justice This restriction on the reasoning is embodied in Rawls Veil of Ignorance which does not include information such as a principals age sex religion wants or abilities According to Rawls two principles of justice would be selected that would affirm the equality of basic rights According to the difference principle inequalities are unjust unless removing them would worsen the situations of the members of the lower class of society This difference principle would create as much equality as possible The second principal is the Democratic Procedural which is a pure-proceduralist approach to the determination of moral principles such as free speech and equal votes These principles along with Rawls idea of Reflective Equilibrium are widely agreed principles of public morality Feminists however believe that Rawls theory of justice has many gaps and flaws Although the American society supposedly accounts for the principle of equality of opportunity feminists agree that our society has not completely accepted this principle A piece from Rawls original position helps to convey the feminists point of view Among the essential features of this situation is that no one knows his place in society his class position or social status nor does anyone know his fortune in the distribution of natural assets and abilities his intelligence strength and the like Feminists feel that Rawl did not consider this aspect significant enough for his writings In Rauls recognition the main idea of
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