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The Five-Year plans When Stalin was given power from the party progress in 1927 it marked an end to the NEP and the beginning of the era of socialist five-year plans First 5 year plan - Had staggering economic objectives Total industrial output was to increase by 250 agricultural production to increase by 150 and 15 of the peasants in the Soviet Union were scheduled to give up their private plots and join socialist collective farms In 1931 Stalin said No slowdown in Tempo Stalin actually wanted an increase and claimed that it was dictated by the peasants and workers of the USSR He said that they were 50 - 100 years behind the advanced countries and must catch up within 10 years He told the working class that socialism would transform the whole world and free them The second 5 year plan - The economy seemed to stall in 1927 and 1928 A new socialist offensive seemed necessary if industry and agriculture were to grow rapidly Stalins problem was the peasants For centuries they had wanted to own the land and finally they had it Stalin decided on a war against the peasantry in order to bring it under control of the state and to make it pay the costs of the new socialist offensive This war was collectivization New economic Policy The New Economic Policy NEP was announced in March 1921 by Lenin to try to rebuild the Soviet Union which was shattered and devastated after the civil war Lenin and the Bolsheviks had destroyed the economy as well as their foes Politically it was a necessary but temporary compromise with the overwhelming peasant majority Lenin made a deal with them because he knew that they could overturn is government and he was not strong enough to take their lands while turning them into state workers Economically the NEP brought rapid recovery When Lenin died in 1924 Joseph Stalin the son of
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