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Word Count: 997
Stephanies Aff Man is by nature a violent creature Without government life would be nasty brutish and short Justice can exist only when there is some systematic means of protecting individual rights and insofar as the state of nature contains no mechanism of this kind it is by hypothesis lacking in justice In agreement with Allen Rosens analysis in Kants Theory of Justice I affirm the resolution that an oppressive government is more desirable than no government Before I continue Id like to define a few key terms in the resolution Oppressive is defined as unjust or difficult to bear Government is the exercise of authority in a political unit Desirable is defined as worth having or seeking as by being useful or advantageous Since the resolution asks us to evaluate the most desirable situation for humanity my value premise is Individual Welfare In order to achieve individual welfare my criteria are 1 the preservation of social order and 2 the fulfillment of fundamental needs The only way in which to ensure individual welfare is to maintain societal stability while at the same time protecting the individual My first contention is that an oppressive government is more desirable than no government because government in any form provides certain advantages that are impossible for the state of nature to provide 1 First of all a government provides individuals with external security In other words the mere existence of a government allows for society as a whole to have a defense mechanism against foreign powers because a government must provide such protection in order to preserve itself The absence of a government however would leave individuals defenseless from outside aggressors Any government oppressive or not provides for this basic external security which is a prerequisite to securing fundamental needs 2 Secondly government possesses the ability to maintain order with in society As Austin Fagothey states Anarchists think that society can get along without authority
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