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Word Count: 964
Kenneth Waltz begins his discussion of the balance of power by asking the question of whether or not it even exists He asks whether or not it is an illusion or reality He feels that it does exist and that it is strongly a part of states everyday reality He feels this way because he believes that a key factor to states if not the most important factor is the one of survival States are not guaranteed security unless they provide it for themselves according to Waltz States will do whatever is necessary to protect themselves including cooperation and forming coalitions to guarantee this security Waltz uses an example of an ordinary card game to help examine his point He says that in a card game with two or more players one who wants to win has to follow a strategy Not just his own but the strategies of the other players as well To win this game one may form a coalition with another although that player could have been considered the enemy less than a few minuets ago Waltz also points out that this collaboration between the two comes when another player is on the verge of winning He also states that this cooperation may not even happen for various reasons These reasons could be that the two dislike each other too much or that they are not intelligent enough to realize that this cooperation needs to happen Here Waltz is able to take a simple card game and develop the basic reasons why states cooperate and this reason is because they want to balance the power of another state that is on the verge of winning the game The result of another state winning the game is that the other states involved are now at a loss He also displays how a state can loose by being blind to the need to cooperate States may not balance the power of another
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