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In An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding Hume emphasizes his belief that all knowledge is based upon our own experience The foundation of Christianity is based on the testimony of the Apostles who supposedly witnessed the miracles of the Savior Jesus Through these miracles the Savior proved his divine mission and thus the backbone for Christianity was formed The testimony of the Apostles is not knowledge based upon our own experience but rather on the experiences others claimed they had Hume admits that using experience as the only guide in reasoning concerning factual matters is not infallible He offers an example One who in our climate should expect better weather in any week of June than in one of December would reason justly and conformably to experience but it is certain that he may happen in the event to find himself mistaken However we may observe that in such a case he would have no cause to complain of experience because it commonly informs us beforehand of the uncertainty by that contrariety of events which we may learn from a diligent observation Hume 74 In concerning matters of fact there are certain degrees of assurance in all essence probability It is more probable that one would find better weather in June than in December Based on the probability the wise man proportions his belief to the evidence Hume offers the example of an experiment where there are two possible outcomes lets call them outcome A and outcome B Furthermore outcome A and outcome B are opposite experiences whereby one destroys the other if proven to be true If the experiment were run two hundred times and outcome A was observed one-hundred and ninety-nine times and outcome B was observed only once one could believe with much assurance that outcome A is the true However if outcome A was observed one hundred and twenty-five times and outcome B was observed seventy-five times one cannot believe beyond a
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