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In light of what you know about linguistics and the nature of language comment critically upon the views in the following statements 1If you learn a foreign language you cant in the process avoid learning the culture of those who speak it It is widely acknowledged that a language or particular strand of a language is a reflection of the society in which it is spoken Language is also seen as portraying ones social or cultural identity Claire Kramsch noted this correlation when she writes Through all its verbal and non-verbal aspects language embodies cultural reality We can accept that this is true of all languages not just English Kramsch looked at contrasting culture with nature Nature being what we are born with ie the means to speak and communicate and culture being our social surroundings and what we are taught ie Learning a particular language along with all its social characteristics She went on to pose the question The word culture evokes the traditional naturenurture debate Are human beings mainly what nurture determines them to be from birth or what culture enables them to become through socialization and schooling Kramsch goes on to say that culture and nature need and interact with each other This suggests that speakers of a language learn not only how to speak it but also the social norms and issues of etiquette that go with it This shows that people who belong to a certain language will learn their culture whilst learning how to speak read and write However this doesnt suggest that people who learn a foreign language will also acquire the cultural significance of it Linguistic features such as regional and social dialects and accents would be almost impossible to acquire for someone who has previously not spoken that language or had not been culturally influenced in that nation George Yule also recognises the tie between culture and language when he talks
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