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What is the world really like Plato and Aristotle the giants of western philosophy attempted to answer this question with their own theories about ultimate reality Plato was the first one of these ancient Athenians to come onto the scene Platos metaphysical theory goes as follows He believed that at the core of every person is the Immortal Soul This soul can be lead by one of three things reason spirit or appetites Among these he argued reason was the best most important and should be in dominance over the others He said we needed positions for the ideal people to be in and called them Philosopher Kings The emotionally lead were to be soldiers and those led by appetites could be anything else These social classes were to be locked because he wanted people to do what they could do the best depending on what part of them dominated This was all an attempt to promote a utopian just society Plato also believed in Two Worlds One world was the world of Forms It is eternal and unchanging with perfect ideas and ideals The second world was Becoming which is the changing everyday world that we live in Anything we see in our world of Becoming participates in ideal forms and the closer to the ideal form the better He said that for everything there is an ideal that we are trying to get close to However what is truly real is the forms Finally he said that all knowledge is a result of reminding us of what we already know innate knowledge of ideal forms from our Immortal Soul However our mortal soul sometimes leads us astray of our true knowledge within Our Immortal Soul possesses knowledge of all things since it is eternal All knowledge comes from a result of knowing the forms independent from experience He called this Conceptual Truth Aristotle on other hand believed in only one world that we
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