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The bureaucracy is unusual because although it is a policymaking institution it is not mentioned anywhere in the Constitution Therefore who is in control of the bureaucracy is a question that has drawn the attention of many observers Morris Fiorina Hugh Heclo and William Bianco are all political scientists or scholars who address this question with their essays on the topic In Morris Fiorinas essay entitled Congressional Control of the Bureaucracy Fiorinas main point is that Congress has the power but not the incentive for coordinated control of the bureaucracy while the president has the incentive but not the power He states that the president and Congress have different goals and incentives for control The presidents goals are re-election and a place in history Members of Congress on the other hand just wish to remain where they are The presidents goals lead him to favor centralized control over the bureaucracy while the goals of members of Congress lead them to decentralized control But Congress is in a stronger position and so decentralized control overcomes centralized control Congress gives us the kind of bureaucracy it wants Congress has the power to vote against what a bureaucracy wants and also Congress can decide the budget for that agency Therefore Fiorina concludes that Congress is more in control of the bureaucracy Hugh Heclo discusses the weaknesses and the barriers that prevent the president from getting things accomplished in his book A Government of Strangers Heclo writes about the troubles that the presidents appointees have within the bureaucracy The president appoints people to departments and agencies to get the things he wants done but the bureaucracy and our old friend the iron triangle slow these people down and in turn decrease the amount of control the president has Appointees get slowed down or even slowed to a halt by bureaucratic sabotage which is mostly accomplished through the strong structure of the iron triangle Other forms of this bureaucratic sabotage
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