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What is a nation A nation is said to exist when it could traced its origins through the state in which it associate itself with histories Additionally the cultural elites must be established and well-versed in writing and speaking the national language There must also be a valid reason for its claim on a certain territory It is only when these three requirements are fulfilled will the international community consider their claim for a nation Hobsbawm 1990 37 Disagreements however tend to arise in the political community over the definition of a nation This essay will try to list out the different approaches employed in defining a nation starting from a nation being a natural cultural entity to it being politically and psychologically formed It will then continue to discuss briefly the role that a nation plays and also its future The first approach in defining a nation looks from a sociological perspective Sociologists began by studying the patterns of human behaviour over a period of time They realised that humans are not conditioned to live in isolation Without human contact we would just revert to animal behaviour Therefore human beings often seek each other company This pattern of behaviour is affirmed by Ronald Dawkins 1989 Heywood 1999 104 He concluded that humans tend to establish social networks between themselves no matter where they are The emergence of social network lays the foundation for the formation of a nation as it shows the solidarity shared by the society Even though the above argument show the formation of social ties between groups it did not mention how solidarity is being maintained Gellner try to fill in this gap by introducing the concept of will and consent Gellner 1983 53 The importance of this concept could be illustrated with the following illustration A man is made to feel as though he has a choice in deciding his affiliation to a community The question on why and how
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