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Historians have defined the nature of liberalism in a variety of ways Some feel liberalism is a cultural attitude others believe it is the ideology of the rising bourgeoisie many explaining it as opposition to excessive state power and a coherent body of principles based upon the idea of individual freedom However the concept of Social liberalism locates middle ground between uninhibited classical liberalism and more extreme ideologies More a fusion of individual rights and active government it consists of two main parts Firstly the social-welfare component prescribes significant social and economic functions to alleviate the effects of capitalism The philosophys second major component liberalism reaffirms classical liberalisms central values Nevertheless social liberalists argue that such values are not best interpreted through the tenets of laissez-faire but rather are beneficial to the greater part of society if translated in a different tongue that of positive liberty In many respects one could argue that the nature of classical liberalism or negative liberty is less effective than its positive counterpart social-liberalism and hence the latter is justified in amending certain elements of the classical-liberal tradition specifically high restriction on state intervention in matters of economic and individual subsistence It is first very important to understand the fundamental distinction between the two different kinds of liberty and consequently the origins of such In 1690 John Locke wrote the essay Two Treatises of Government where he redefined the relationship between government and the people proclaiming that the state was founded and erected in order to preserve the natural rights of its citizens and that if it failed to do so the people had the responsibility to rebel improve their conditions In the pre-industrial days of Europe and America the poor had a relationship with the upper class that was characterised by deference towards a fraternity which wanted little or nothing do with them Thomas Jefferson the main proponent for the laissez-faire policy in the framing of the
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