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Settlement patterns family life population growth economic and social structure governmentpolity education and homes differed greatly in the New England and Southern colonies in the 17th-century Although a family could move from Massachusetts to Virginia or from South Carolina to Pennsylvania without major readjustment distinctions between social institutions within the individual colonies were marked Settlement of New England was financed in 1607 and established in November 1620 Plymouth by The Second Colony of Plymouth Marshall 49 Tindall and Shi 65 Once the ship came to rest the passengers crowded on deck and the religious among them knelt down and prayed to God for their deliverance Marshall 49 52 They arrived safely However they were far from settled the legal process in place for Virginia was not binding here and these colonists had no law of their own for self-governance Subsequently those in charge drew up the Mayflower Compact Marshall 52 This compact created officers and affected their own legal process for self-governance Marshall 52 Unlike the colonists in the South the Pilgrims arrived during the winter making it very difficult to cultivate the land around them and survive Marshall 52 In New England the first settlement of homes were constructed of timber probably split logs and the cracks were filled with clay Marshall 69 The earliest form of roofing material used by the Pilgrims was thatch Marshall 69 70 Tindall and Shi 130 Reeds and rushes were gathered from nearby swamps bound into bundles and fastened to the roof Marshall 68 The thatch was piled layer upon layer until it was about one foot thick Marshall 81 It can be said that these houses were of the simplest design windows were filled with oiled linen in place of glass which was too expensive and very difficult to obtain Marshall 65 Tindall and Shi 130 Keeping in mind that settlers in New England were city-bred or from towns and villages in a humanized and cultured country
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