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Word Count: 719
In her poem One Art Elizabeth Bishop constructs a poem that reveals a struggle with mastering the issue of loss Through the use of a villanelle Bishop utilizes the significance of structure and word choice to further the meaning of her work Bishop crescendos each stanza to create a firm foundation for the dramatic conclusion and incorporates expressive words throughout the poem to illuminate the last stanzas attitude shift from that of carelessness to seriousness The villanelle form is a type of love poem and Elizabeth Bishops use of this is appropriate for her poem about lost love The first five tercets three lined stanzas begin by speaking of small objects keys then grow to large items continents The final stanza is a quatrain four lined stanza that contains the occasion and attitude shift of the poem The poems first line the art of losing isnt hard to master resurfaces throughout the text to reiterate the speakers opinion on the mastery of loss And the repetition of the third lines final word disaster is a key to the meaning of the poem Bishops word choice furthers the significance of loss and love throughout the poem Since the first and third lines repeat within the text the middle lines of each stanza remain different from each other The endings of each middle line have the same rhyme pattern and collectively they spell out an ultimate loss- intent spent meant and went The speaker in the beginning is impersonal and does not mention any valuable item which was lost In the second stanza the speaker explains how to master the art of loss and urges the readers to practice making it a habit Lose something every day line 4 The lost door keys the hour badly spent line 5 become materialistic entities and lost time The third stanza contains a dynamic list of uncontrollable loss By choosing the phrase losing farther losing faster line 7 Bishop illustrates
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