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Birth Control The history of the Pill is a history interwoven with capitalism exploitation racism and classism In that this is a historical look at oral contraception this section will proceed in chronological order through the development testing and present day situation of the Pill This historical look will also discuss the effects of capitalism exploitation racism and classism with a careful look at how the effects of oral contraception were felt in vastly different ways by white women and black women Development of the Pill was partly facilitated by Katherine McCormic multi-million dollar widow and friend of Margaret Sanger who contributed over three million dollars for scientific research into the development of oral contraception Chesler 432 but was primarily funded by pharmaceutical companies and every major international institution for population control Petchesky 171 The first oral progestin was synthesized in 1951 by Carl Djerassi and other chemists at the University of Mexico Chesler 432 Built on Djerassis work and funded greatly by McCormic Gregory Pincus MC Chang and John Rock a Catholic pro-birth control gynecologist collaborated to further develop the Pill and experiment with the drug on Boston patients McLaren 240 Large-scale clinical trials in Puerto Rico and Mexico were undertaken in 1956 McLaren 240 The dosages used in the original clinical trials on poor Puerto Rican and Haitian women are now know to be extremely dangerous Petchesky 171 It was decided to manufacture a pill with high levels of estrogen despite the fact that clinical literature since the 1940s showed a positive correlation between estrogen and cancer Petchesky 171 Enovid-10 a combination estrogenprogestin ovulation inhibitor was approved by the Food and Drug Administration FDA in 1960 Reynolds 114 and McLaren 240 This oral contraceptive was built on the exploitation of women of color through their use as laboratory subjects as well as the image projected to greater society of birth control to limit further propagation of the black and brown peoples of
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