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PART 1 Populism Populism is a strongly nationalistic authoritarian form of politics whose inspiration was sometimes drawn from Hitler and Mussolinis meteoric rises to power Faces of Latin America 113-5 It is based on the bringing together of workers and industrialists to erase class barriers often with the common goal of opposing the policies of conservative landowners Usually populism flourished in city and slum areas the majority of which consist of workers and displaced landowners Populist governments such as Perns Argentina saw the state as a means of achieving development by way of industrializing the economy Populism is heavily reliant on corporatism rulers initiate and control labor unions and other large peasant organizations improving their wages and working conditions if complete control is surrendered to the populist government Land Invasions Land invasions are organized takeovers of haciendas and plantations by peasant farmers Usually land invasions are fast and quite often violent with peasants taking a strong stand to insure their survival when government processes meant to achieve the same objectives take too long Tomas illegal takeovers of land were encouraged by the existence of a regime sympathetic to dramatic land reformScheming for the Poor 253 The government refused to let the police intervene in most cases of rural or urban Tomas often legalizing the take over or simply ignoring it Land invasion is often the first step to the building of shantytowns and nearly always ends up being permanent Villas Miserias Villas miseries Argentina favelas Brazil callampas Chile and pueblos jovenes Peru are shantytowns which are usually located on the outskirts of all major industrial towns within Latin America They are usually established by land invasions often becoming permanent and are generally built on land that has been deemed unsuitable for building for example- places such as muddy hillsides houses are destroyed every time that there is a major downpour dumps swamps and desert
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