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Introduction - The term psychology comes from two Greek words psyche which means soul and logos the study of Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and the mind Psychology investigates an enormous range of phenomena learning and memory sensation and perception motivation and emotion thinking and language personality and social behavior intelligence infancy and child development mental illness and a lot more Psychologists examine these topics from many different perspectives Some conduct detailed biological studies of the brain others explore how we process information and still others study the influence of culture and society Questions Psychologists try to answer - 1Are individuals genetically predisposed at birth to develop certain traits or abilities 2How accurate are people at remembering faces places or conversations from the past 3What motivates us to seek out friends and sexual partners 4Why do so many people become depressed and behave in ways that seem self-destructive 5Do intelligence test scores predict success in school or later in a career 6What causes prejudice and why is it so widespread 7Can the mind be used to heal the body Other Sciences that relate to Psychology - Physiology - the biological study of the functions of living organisms and their parts Sociology - the scientific study of human social relations or group life Anthropology - the study of all aspects of human life and culture Major areas of research - Psychology is formed of two kinds of research applied and basic Basic researchers test theories and build a foundation of knowledge While applied psychologists study people in real-world settings and use the results to solve practical human problems There are five major areas of research biopsychology clinical psychology cognitive psychology developmental psychology and social psychology Both basic and applied research are conducted in each of those fields of psychology Clinical psychology - is dedicated to the study diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses
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