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Chapter 1 Key Terms Psychopathology The field concerned with the nature and development of mental disorders Normal Curve A type of population distribution which depicts the majority of people being in the middle as far as any particular characteristic is concerned Clinicians The various professionals authorized to provide psychological services Clinical psychologist Requires a PhD or PsyD degree Diagnosis Techniques necessary to determine that a patients symptoms or problems indicate a particular disorder Psychotherapy A primarily verbal means of helping troubled individuals change their thoughts feelings and behavior to reduce distress and to achieve greater life satisfaction Psychiatrist Holds and MD degree and has had postgraduate training residency in which he has received supervision in diagnoses and psychotherapy Psychoactive drugs Chemical compounds that can change how people feel and think Psychoanalyst Specially trained at a psychoanalytic institute Psychiatric social worker MSW degree Counseling psychologist Has completed Masters or Doctorate program Psychopathologist A diverse group that conduct research into the nature and development of the disorders that their therapist colleagues try to treat Varied academic background Exorcism The casting out of evil spirits by ritualistic chanting or torture Somatogenesis The notion that something wrong with the soma body disturbs thought and action Psychogenesis The belief that something is due to psychological origins Asylums Places of confinement For the mentally ill Moral treatment Sympathetic and attentive treatment provided for the mentally ill Syndrome A tendency for a certain group of symptoms that run together within a disorder General paresis The deterioration in mental and physical health characterized by syphilis Germ theory Disease is caused by infection of the body by small organisms Milieu therapy The entire hospital becomes a therapeutic community All ongoing activities and all its personnel become part of the treatment program Appears to be a return to moral practices of the nineteenth century
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