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Word Count: 780
The decline of indentured servitude and the rise of chattel slavery were caused by economic factors of the English settlers in the late 17th century Colonists continually tried to allure laborers to the colony The head right system was to give the indentured servant a method of becoming independent after a number of years of service Colonists chiefly relied on Indentured Servitude in order to facilitate their need for labor The decreasing population combined with a need for a labor force led colonists to believe that African slaves were the most efficient way to acquire a labor force that would satisfy their needs Before the 1680s indentured servitude was the primary source of labor in the newly developed colonies There were both white and black indentured servants White servants had even outnumbered black servants three to one Some black indentured servants were able to complete there time of service and even had land and servants of their own After the 1680s the population of white indentured servants decreased exponentially There were a number of different reasons why the population of indentured servants had decreased For whatever reason indentured servitude was a form of labor that was declining and the need for labor increased rapidly African-American labor was beginning to be more valuable than white labor African laborers were beginning to be looked at as property as well as being treated that way By the 1660s the status of the African was an indentured servant was gone Virginia had begun to make laws which were defining slaves as property Africans were economically better due to British control of the slave trade making black labor cheaper In the 1600s tobacco became the main source of income for most of the colonists The economic prosperity of the colonies was primarily dependent on the amount of tobacco produced The growing of tobacco needed large amount of land with a large stable work force The increased demand
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