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EasySearch -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Roosevelt a Liberal and Hoover a Conservative Thesis Because the Great Depression quickly changed Americas view of liberalism Roosevelt can be considered a liberal and Hoover a conservative despite occasionally supporting similar policies Written for the Advanced Placement US History Document Based Question from the AP test Hoover The political shifts in American history during the last two centuries are often explained by Arthur Schlesingers cyclical explanation of eras of public purpose followed by private interest What is considered liberal versus what is considered conservative shifts in a similar pattern While laissez-faire policies are considered liberal in the Roaring 20s the onset of the Great Depression in 1929 quickly changed Americas view of liberalism Suddenly the small government politics of Hoover were conservative and the progressive politics of Roosevelt were considered liberal Thus because the Great Depression quickly changed Americas view of liberalism Roosevelt can be considered a liberal and Hoover a conservative despite occasionally supporting similar policies Because the Great Depression occurred during Hoovers term as president in the publics mind Hoover started his presidency as a liberal and ended it as a conservative With the end of the Progressive Age in 1910 big business flourished because Harding Coolidge and Hoover kept government from intervening in the economy Compared to the public purpose policies of Teddy Roosevelt the laissez-faire policies of these presidents seemed extremely liberal The invention of the production line which spurred on the Second Industrial Revolution allowed businessmen such as Henry Ford to prosper while automobiles and electrical appliances became available to the masses Americas success and optimism caused people to support the liberal policies of the 1920s However even before the Depression there were signs that Hoover was becoming more conservative As Document A suggests Hoover did not want to be considered completely laissez-faire He seemed less determined to preserve the extremely
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