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Word Count: 1,692
Love and Pathos in Sonnet 73 In love poems it is common that poets either celebrate the intensity of hisher love for another or grieve the absence of reciprocated love Love evidently can be both a nourishing power that brings happiness and exuberance and a destructive force that causes sorrow and hopelessness This dual function of love is dominant in Shakespeares Sonnet 73 in which the speaker a dying old man addresses his lover in attempt to evoke pity and sorrow The speakers attempt to produce pathos can be seen in the succession of temporal metaphors juxtaposition of life and death and repetition of phrases The speaker uses a number of metaphors associated with time to induce a sense of pity and love from his lover He draws comparisons of himself a man in his final years to mainly three objects that represent the approach of death autumn the twilight of an autumn day and a self-destructive fire The implication of the first metaphor autumn is self-evident it depicts the time of the year of decaying and withering of living things in the natural world and the advent of the cold lifeless winter which parallels his own conditions Specifically the imagery of a few yellow leavesthat hang Upon those boughs which shake against the cold lines 2-3 vividly portrays the declining man who is hanging on to his life like the leaves are to the tree branch The branch moreover is compared to bare ruined choirs line 4 and further creates a sense of desolation and solitude that the speaker is perhaps experiencing as he approaches the end of his life The speaker actually never even mentions the word autumn but instead refers it to That time of year lines 1-3 as if the word autumn is a synonym of death and the direct speaking of it should be euphemized The second metaphor twilight builds upon the first metaphor and marks
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