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The fact that it is impossible to think about psychology without thinking about Freud and his theories shows the importance of psychoanalysis He has made society accept human beings as a whole and given man the key to understanding the mind Freud tried to view man as he actually was not how he should be Sigmund Freud identified and divided personality into three significant systems the id the ego and the super ego There is an energy that fluctuates between the three regions and they are in constant interaction The id is the instinct that is present at birth The two basic types of instincts that provide energy for the id are pleasure seeking collectively called the libido and aggression labeled the destructive or death instinct Fixation the refusal to take the next step in development because of fear of the strange and unknown and regression retreating to an earlier stage of development are two disturbances in the libido development Freud also believed that all infants go through oral anal and genital phases although a person could experience a fixation at any stage He believed that the sex drive is important in development and that our lives are determined by the conflict between the sexual instincts which are the most intensively repressed and the ego drive The id controls the primary processes and the unconscious systems It desires and aims at the immediate release of tension Although it functions by itself the id also stimulates the ego The id knows no confines of time A very important function of the id is that it serves as a storage place for repressed memories thoughts feelings and impulses The ego is the ruling branch of the personality system It controls the conscious and the actions in the environment The ego acts as the liaison between the id and superego It controls the secondary process of thinking knowing and problem solving The ego works to get
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