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The Freudian Triangle During the late nineteenth century Sigmund Freud the father of psychoanalysis developed the concept that the basis of the human psyche is three functional parts- the id ego and superego Oscar Wildes The Portrait of Dorian Gray molds the main characters Dorian Lord Henry and Basil to fit this notion Lord Henry and Basil are a delightful contrast in their relationship and each influence Dorian in a Freudian manner page 17 The id is the infant and acts solely on instinct and follows pleasure The ego is an adult id in the sense that it wants to seek out pleasure but because of the innate desire of self-preservation it pressures the id into committing the sin The superego is the conscience of the trio and does not believe in fulfilling needs but rather in sustaining the good and morally right In the Freudian triangle each adult the ego and superego influence the id to behave either good or evil Throughout the novel Lord Henry strives to influence and corrupt Dorian On page four Basil comments to Lord Henry You never say a moral thing and you never do a wrong thing Basil realizes the egos tactic for projection which is placing he desire of a sin into Dorians head so that he will crave it The shrewdness in Lord Henrys egotistical nature causes him to alter Dorians innocent personality While in the garden Dorain receives his first lesson about life 18 He learns that the greatest secret of life is how to cure the soul by the means of the sense and the sense by the means of he soul 20 Thus the id-ego bond forms Dorian eagerly learns Lord Henrys
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