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SLAVERY AS THE MAIN CAUSE OF THE CIVIL WAR The American Civil war was waged between The United States of America and The Confederate States of America from 1861 to 1865 It began on April 12 1861 when the Confederates opened fire on Fort Sumpter and ended on May 26 1865 with the surrender of the last Confederate forces and with a total of 600 000 casualties There are varying beliefs as to what started this bloody war ranging from differences of social systems between the North and the South to the disposal of public lands Although these all contributed to the animosity that started the war these were not by far the main reasons for the war The creation of the cotton gin which increased demand for slaves in the southern states a perilous set of compromises that was keeping the country at a stalemate and a group of people who would do anything to further their cause show that the conflict between the North and South over the issue of slavery was the main cause of the Civil War The cotton gin created by Eli Whitney greatly increased the cotton production in the Southern States thus increasing the demand for slaves in the south as well The number of slaves in the South increased dramatically and soon 1 in 7 Americans belonged to another American This did not go over well with the people in the North They could not compete with Slave labour and wanted a tariff on all imported goods but the South was mainly agricultural and did not want a tariff because they relied heavily on imported goods for they could not produce them themselves Obviously the North did not want slavery to be allowed in the new territories that would be created from the lands acquired through the Mexican War whereas the South wanted slavery to be allowed here This difference of opinions created much animosity
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