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Word Count: 411
The term socialisation can be used in describing the process of the State taking over services industry and other institutions of a society for the benefit of its members However in our context socialisation is The process by which an individual acquires the knowledge appropriate to a given society Peterson C p 373 Through socialisation the individual becomes integrated into and behaves adaptively within a society wether a social cultural governmental or organisational society Reber 1995 p 732 defines socialisation as the process whereby an individual acquires the knowledge values facility with language social skills and social sensitivity The individual doesnt become a generic social being but a certain type of social being as a specific identity emerges from the infinite number of possible personalities Socialisation is a lifelong experience and the term applies uniformly across all ages Two examples of main theorists of socialisation theory are Talcott Parsons 1902 - 1979 and Robert Merton 1957 Socialisation can be divided into two main headings Primary and Secondary Socialisation Primary Socialisation involves society imprinting on the infant and child thinking language perceptions moral standards attitudes aspirations and roles such as wife or teacher It also dictates learning how to control feelings such as shame or guilt and playing out roles within a context For example taking it like a man Secondary Socialisation is said to be the lifelong continuation and adaptation of the primary process for example working going to church or attending school Socialisation varies from culture to culture An example of cultural socialisation in action is in a society that values conformity and obedience from the individual such as in Japan China or Vietnam Whereas countries such as the United States or ours places more value in the individual Although it allows for some people to be different classic socialisation theory is controversial as it fails to explain how we invent or think independently or even irrationally The classical socialisation story is limited because
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