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How Status Effects Behavior In Society A stratified society is one marked by inequality by differences among people that are evaluated by them as being higher or lower The simplest form of inequality is based on the division of labor-which always appears according to age and sex But there is another form of inequality that always appears in every society-which ranks families rather than individuals A family shares many characteristics among its members that greatly affect their relationships with outsiders the same house the same income and the same values If a large group of families are approximately equal to each other and clearly differentiated from other families we call them a social class Karl Marxs Views On Class The shape of society is determined by its economic foundations and social classes form the key link between economic facts and social facts Marx 1957 Every productive system establishes a limited number of types of work roles A man could raise food make tools be a merchant who trades goods or perhaps be an owner of land or other property Each group of men who stands in the same relationship to the means of production forms a class They not only do the same kinds of work but have basic interests in common which often put them in conflict with other classes Their interests are created by their position in the productive system and are expressed in the legal rules of property A given type of productive system or mode production will continue to exist as long as the various classes remain in equilibrium despite their contradictory interests This often means that the most powerful class the one that controls the most important means of production gains power over the entire society and uses the organs of government to keep the other classes under control The ruling class through law and propaganda will create a whole superstructure of community life that will further
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