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The subprocesses of assimilation are processes that occur in order during the assimilation process The various subprocesses are 1 cultural assimilation by substitution and cultural assimilation by addition 2 secondary structural assimilation 3 primary structural assimilation 4 marital assimilation 5 identificational assimilation 6 attitude receptional assimilation 7 behavior receptional assimilation and 8 civic assimilation Cultural assimilation by substitution is when the subordinate group abandons their cultural practices and takes up those of the dominant group According to Gordons Theory of Assimilation Subprocesses cultural assimilation occurs most rapidly Cultural assimilation by addition is when the subordinate group keeps most of its own heritage and also adopts some from the dominant group In this type of cultural assimilation the subordinate group remains distinguishable Secondary structural assimilation refers to equal-status relationships between subordinate and dominant group members in the public sphere such as relationships with people at work in schools in commercial transactions at political meetings and in places of public recreations Primary structural assimilation refers to close personal interactions between subordinate and dominant group members in the private sphere such as relationships within families friendship groups and social clubs Secondary structural assimilation appears ahead of primary structural assimilation because people typically meet and interact with one another in impersonal settings before they become close and interact in personal settings Marital assimilation is the subprocess which refers to the gradual merging of subordinate and dominant groups through intermarriage Marital assimilation is the fourth subprocess to becoming fully assimilated into American society Even groups within high levels of intermarriage exit still may not be merged in several important ways Such as people whose parents or more distant ancestors came to America from another country for example Germany or Ireland may continue to consider themselves as German or Irish even though they were born in America and have never visited their ancestral homeland In the same way members of the dominant group may continue to think
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