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SUMMARY WRITING ADefinitions 1Outlining An outline is a structural skeleton of the main points of the material as they appear in chronological rather than logical order 2Paraphrase Paraphrasing the restatement of another writers ideas in your own words 3Summary Summarizing the brief restatement of a longer text in fewer words than the original text The most important feature of a summary is that it is short almost always fewer than 250 words It is a piece of writing about another piece of writing Its purpose is to condense a long piece of writing into a concise summation of its meaning Note Summaries are short accounts of things including texts 4Precis Short accounts of texts only BWhy teach Summary To help students 1In English 2In other subjects 3In the real world CSub-Skills which students need to develop 61692Reading Students need to read as much as they can to broaden their knowledge of the language as much as possible 61692Comprehension By extension students must be able to follow and understand narrative appreciate argument follow sequencing and anticipate consequences when they are reading Above all they must be able to analyse what they read 61692Selection of Information 61607identify the main topic 61607become aware of the gist of the passage 61607identify topic sentences and key words and phrases in each paragraph 61607extract supporting ideas the ability to do this will rest on skimming and scanning 61692Elimination of Superfluous Information examples figures of speech illustrations repetitions and unnecessary descriptive language must be omitted 61692Compression wherever possible phrases must be replaced by single words such as collective nouns or pronouns Generalizations can be used to represent detailed information 61692Note taking Avoid copying sentences or large sections of text verbatim into the summary Students should be encouraged to write notes which can
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