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Sun Tzu and Carl von Clausewitz both theorized on the strategies influences and effects of war Sun Tzu sees it with an idealistic outlook believing that war has requirements and predictable outcomes Clausewitz on the other hand thinks that war is more enigmatic and susceptible to chance and happenstance Both realize that war is a political action of the state with a political purpose Clausewitz states that war is an extension of politics by other means As in politics the outcome is not always certain there is a sort of enshrouding fog that always conceals the exact characteristics of a situation This element of uncertainty is key in Clausewitzs philosophy he believes strongly that war is in large part determined by chance and possibility that the individual nature of war makes it inherently unpredictable Clausewitz feels that war is at its most basic level an individual activity The commander is obviously the lead individual in an army and it is often a question of his moral physical and psychological capacities as to whether an army can be victorious These qualities must also trickle down through the ranks to the corpsman for they are the ones who fight These military virtues of an army are all-important whether a nation wins or loses if often determined by the spirit of the army If morale is low a force cannot win A defeat causes a loss of self-confidence and this in turn leads to fear a horribly destructive element for an army to have Thus it is the morale of the troops that greatly affects their performance The commanders skill is also of paramount significance A general cannot be weak he must be strong for to lead the troops into battle he must present an air of confidence that inspires the army The general as well as the troops must be experienced The commander must be intelligent and knowledgeable of the terrain weather the enemy
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