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Word Count: 8,726
Since the Second World War the United States has been the dominant world power in the Middle East Every political campaign or military intervention has been carried out to ensure the control of the worlds most valuable energy source Despite new discoveries of oil reserves in Central Asia the Middle East still has two-thirds of the worlds oil reserves and its oil is still the cheapest to pump and produce The US has relied on repressive regimes such as Iran under the Shah Saudi Arabia and Israel to do its work When necessary it has intervened directly to punish regimes that have challenged its dominance in the region as it did to Iraq in 1991 To this day the US spends billions annually to maintain a large military presence in the region It provides billions of dollars in military equipment to Israel which the US carefully regards as the regions most influential military power The US has done what it has done to preserve one thing to secure its control over what came to be called black gold After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire Britain and France drew the boundaries of the new states in the Middle East with absolutely no say from the people of the regions All promises of Arab independence the British had made to various local leaders during the First World War were ignored For example the call for a single united Arab state was ignored for they saw that it would be easier to negotiate with a group of rival Arab states lacking any sense of unity than with a powerful independent Arab state in the Middle East Richman Britain took the areas that became Iraq Kuwait and Saudi Arabia and France took Syria and Lebanon Each state was then handed to local kings and sheiks who owed their position to their imperializing country Britain gave Ibn Saud Saudi Arabia and Kuwait to the Al Sabah family Jordan
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