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Before the title essay is attempted it is necessary to provide the reader with a brief summary of the book in which these two authors Herrnstein and Murray analyse Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life After which the classic Psychometric View of Intelligence will be discussed and alternative and competing theories of Intelligence will be outlined Finally the significance of the book in relation to its underlying assumptions will be commented on Enormous explanatory power Seligman 1994 Very sober very through and very honest book Sowell 1995 incarnation of biological determinismRawat These could be the answer to the question Describe The Bell Curve in just one sentence Indeed they are extractions from articles that make up just a few drops in the entire ocean of literature that has been generated in reply to one of the most controversial works of this decade Unlike any other areas of Psychology the nature v nurture debate in Intelligence has become equated with extremes of political viewpoints And certainly in 1994 the authors of The Bell Curve seem to have instigated a spiral of debate amongst the scientific and non-scientific community across the world The general aim of the publication was to analyse the class structure in American life and thereby illuminate the factors that they the authors believe account for and successfully explain the increasing divide between the Cognitive Elite at the extreme right of the statistical bell curve and the emerging Underclass at the extreme left This according to Herrnstein and Murray this is the way in which American society is shaped - in a symmetrical normal distribution which houses majority of its population in the middle portion of the curve Indeed many human characteristics such as height and weight fit the curve well and these characteristics are commonly known to be genetically determined The authors suggest that Intelligence is also distributed across society in the very same way as height and weight But
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