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Word Count: 594
Perspective Use of perspective in art finds its root in one man Filippo Brunelleschi Although we dont know for sure it is likely that Brunelleschi also invented linear or scientific perspective Donatellos The Feast of Herod is the earliest surviving example of scientific perspective which is established through the use of a vanishing point an imaginary single point on the page in which all the parallel lines meet Donatellos Feast of Herod was a groundbreaking work by that days standards and a complete failure in the fulfillment of compositional requirements of traditional classical or medieval standards The focal point of the piece the presentation of St Johns head to Herod is in the far left corner and the crowd watching is clustered into the right corner Upon examination of the action however Donatellos intention is clear by placing the people in this way the gesture and emotion of the scene is more implicit and effective It is also more clearly established that the scene does not end at the focal point it in fact continues off into every direction an impression more clearly made with his use of scientific perspective This window view into the scene was a radical step and would influence how the picture plane was to be seen from that point on Another important milestone in the history of perspective is Pietro Perudinos The Delivery of the Keys Painted in 1482 this work employs a grave symmetrical structure a tool he used to emphasize the importance of the scene being represented The authority of St Peter as the first pope and all of his successors rests on his having received the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven from Christ himself The onlookers are all rendered with powerfully individualized faces Equally powerful is the vast expanse of the almost surreal background The spatial clarity established by the use of mathematically precise perspective is the influence of Brunelleschi
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